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Small objects choke test in toy inspection

2019/11/8

It is very important to ensure the safety of the toy during Toy inspection process, especially the test of small parts. Let's talk about related standards and methods.
 
 
 

Complies with the standards: ASTM F963 4.6, EN71-1998 8.2, GB6675-2003 A.5.2, 16 CFR 1501
 

Test content

1. Place the test object in the small object tester in different directions under its own weight.

2. If the test item completely sinks into the small object tester, it is considered as a small item.
 

Use method and understanding:

1. In the absence of external pressure, the disassembled or dropped parts of the toy played by children under 3 years of age are put into the small item tester. If this part could through the tester is treated as a small object.
 

2. In view of the fact that foam plastics are easily broken and small objects are produced, it is recommended that toys suitable for children under 3 years of age should not be packaged in foam plastic.
 

3. In particular, ornaments on toys can enhance the attractiveness of toys, but they may be small items.

4. The understanding of toy pieces: The plastics edges of toy that come off the edges, and any parts that fall off during the test are toy pieces.

5. Understanding Wooden knot of Wooden Toy: Due to the natural wooden knots of wooden toys, in general, the wooden section is easier to fall off than other non-wood sections, it must be assessed. Since wooden knots are naturally occurring, not every toy has wooden knots. So that inspectors should be consider the rationality of sampling and inspection.

6. Small object tests include parts that fall out during normal use and predictable reasonable abuse testing.

7. Before testing a small object, it is necessary to first understand the definition of a detachable component, perform a detachable test of the component, do the small part test for after remove all disassembled parts.
 

Design method:

1. Toys for children under the age of three must not be designed with detachable small items. Of course, there may be non-detachable widgets. The key is how to connect the widget with the toy body so that it does not come off during normal use tests and reasonable misuse tests.

2. Toys for children aged three to eight years are recommended to list warnings regardless of whether they are small items or not.
 

Age limit:

Age range Small object test requirements

36 months or less. Small parts cannot exist on toys.

37 to 72 months. Small parts may be present on toys, but warnings must be provided.
73 months or more. Small parts can be present without warning instructions

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