Product Inspection and certification
The CE mark is a safety certification mark and is considered as a passport for manufacturers to open and enter the European market. CE stands for CONFORMITE EUROPEENNE. All products bearing the "CE" mark can be sold in the EU member states without having to meet the requirements of each member state, thereby achieving the free circulation of goods within the EU member states.
ROHS is the English abbreviation of the "Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment". ROHS lists a total of six harmful substances, including: lead Pb, cadmium Cd, mercury Hg, hexavalent chromium Cr6 +, polybrominated diphenyl ether PBDE, polybrominated biphenyl PBB. The EU began to implement ROHS on July 1, 2006. Electrical and electronic products that use or contain flame retardants such as heavy metals and polybrominated diphenyl ethers PBDE and polybrominated biphenyls PBB are not allowed to enter the EU market.
ROHS targets all electrical and electronic products that may contain the above six harmful substances in the production process and raw materials, mainly including: white appliances, such as refrigerators, washing machines, microwave ovens, air conditioners, vacuum cleaners, water heaters, and black appliances, such as audio and video products , DVD, CD, TV receiver, IT products, digital products, communication products, etc .; power tools, electric electronic toys, medical electrical equipment.
UL is short for Underwriter Laboratories Inc. The UL Safety Test Institute is the most authoritative in the United States, and it is also a large non-governmental organization engaged in safety testing and identification in the industry. It is an independent, non-profit, professional agency that conducts tests for public safety. It uses scientific testing methods to study and determine the extent to which materials, devices, products, equipment, buildings, etc. are hazardous and hazardous to life and property; determine, write, and issue corresponding standards and help reduce and prevent life Information on property loss, and conduct fact-finding business.
In short, it is mainly engaged in product safety certification and operating safety certification business, and its ultimate purpose is to obtain products with a fair level of security for the market, and to contribute to ensuring personal health and property safety. In terms of product safety certification as an effective means to remove technical barriers to international trade, UL also plays an active role in promoting the development of international trade.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is short for FDA. The FDA is one of the executive agencies established by the U.S. government in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and the Department of Public Health (PHS). The FDA's role is to ensure the safety of food, cosmetics, drugs, biologics, medical devices, and radiological products produced or imported in the United States. After the "September 11th" incident, people in the United States believe that it is necessary to effectively improve the safety of food supply.
After the U.S. Congress passed the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Prevention and Response Act of 2002 in June last year, the U.S. Congress allocated $ 500 million to authorize the FDA to develop specific rules to implement the bill. The regulation stipulates that the FDA will assign a special registration number to each registration applicant. Food exported by foreign agencies to the United States must be notified to the US Food and Drug Administration in advance 24 hours before arriving at a U.S. port, or they will be denied entry. And detained at the port of entry.
The FCC (Federal Communications Commission, United States Federal Communications Commission) was established in 1934 as an independent agency of the US government and is directly responsible to Congress. The FCC coordinates domestic and international communications by controlling radio, television, telecommunications, satellite, and cable.
Involving more than 50 U.S. states, Columbia, and U.S. territories. In order to ensure the safety of radio and wire communication products related to life and property, the FCC's Office of Engineering and Technology is responsible for the technical support of the committee and the equipment. Recognition matters. Many radio applications, communications products and digital products require FCC approval to enter the US market.
The FCC committee investigates and studies the various stages of product safety to find the best way to solve the problem. At the same time, the FCC also includes radio equipment, aircraft testing, and so on. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ---- Regulates the import and use of radio frequency devices, including computers, fax machines, electronic devices, radio receiving and transmitting equipment, radio-controlled toys, telephones, personal computers, and other products that may harm personal safety. If these products are to be exported to the United States, they must be tested and approved by a government authorized laboratory in accordance with FCC technical standards. Importers and customs agents are required to declare that each radio frequency device complies with the FCC standard, which is the FCC license.
CSA is the abbreviation of Canadian Standards Association. Founded in 1919, it is the first non-profit organization in Canada to develop industry standards. Electronics, electrical appliances, and other products sold in the North American market need to obtain safety certification. At present, CSA is Canada's largest security certification agency and one of the most famous security certification agencies in the world.
It can provide safety certification for all types of products in machinery, building materials, electrical appliances, computer equipment, office equipment, environmental protection, medical fire safety, sports and entertainment. CSA has provided certification services for thousands of manufacturers around the world, and hundreds of millions of products bearing the CSA logo are sold in the North American market every year.
Deutsches Institut fur Normung. DIN is Germany's standardization authority and participates in international and regional non-governmental standardization bodies as a national standardization body. DIN joined the International Organization for Standardization in 1951.
The German Electrotechnical Commission (DKE), a combination of DIN and the German Institute of Electrical Engineers (VDE), represents Germany on the International Electrotechnical Commission. DIN is also the European Committee for Standardization and the European Electrotechnical Standard.
British Standards Institution British Standards Institution (BSI) is the world's earliest national standardization body. It is not controlled by the government but has received strong support from the government. BSI develops and revises British standards and promotes their implementation.
With the development of electrical and electronic technology, household appliances are becoming increasingly popular and electronic, radio and television, post and telecommunications, and computer networks are becoming more and more developed, and the electromagnetic environment is becoming more and more complex and deteriorating.
The electromagnetic immunity (EMS) problem has also received increasing attention from governments and manufacturing companies in various countries. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of electronic and electrical products is a very important quality indicator. It not only affects the reliability and safety of the product itself, but also affects the normal operation of other equipment and systems. Protection of electromagnetic environment.
The European Union government stipulates that from January 1, 1996, all electrical and electronic products must pass EMC certification, and the CE mark can be affixed before they can be sold in the European Union market. This move has caused widespread influence in the world, and governments of various countries have taken measures to implement mandatory management of RMC performance of electrical and electronic products. More influential internationally, such as EU 89/336 / EEC.
PSE is a certification mark given by Japan Electrical Safety & Environment (JET) for electronic and electrical products that comply with Japanese safety regulations. According to Japan's DENTORL Act (Electrical Device and Material Control Act), 498 products must pass safety certification to enter the Japanese market.
The GS mark is a safety certification mark issued by TUV, VDE and other agencies authorized by the German Ministry of Labor. The GS mark is a safety mark accepted by customers in Europe. GS-certified products usually sell at higher prices and are more popular.
International Organization for Standardization The International Organization for Standardization is the world's largest non-governmental specialized organization for standardization. It plays a leading role in international standardization. ISO sets international standards.
The main activities of ISO are to formulate international standards, coordinate standardization work worldwide, organize member countries and technical committees to exchange information, and cooperate with other international organizations to jointly study related standardization issues.
HACCP is the English abbreviation of "Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point", which means hazard analysis and critical control points. HACCP system is considered to be the best and most effective management system for controlling food safety and flavor quality.
The national standard GB / T15091-1994 "Basic Terms of the Food Industry" defines HACCP as: a control method for the production (processing) of safe food; analysis of raw materials, key production processes and human factors affecting product safety to determine the processing process Key links in the process, establish and improve monitoring procedures and monitoring standards, and take standardized corrective measures. The international standard CAC / RCP-1 "General Principles of Food Hygiene 1997 Rev. 3" defines HACCP as: a system that identifies, evaluates, and controls hazards critical to food safety.
GMP is the abbreviation of Good Manufacturing Practice in English, which is a kind of management that pays special attention to food hygiene and safety during the production process. In brief, GMP requires food manufacturers to have good production equipment, reasonable production processes, perfect quality management and strict testing systems to ensure that the quality of final products (including food safety and hygiene) meets regulatory requirements. The content stipulated by GMP is the most basic condition that food processing enterprises must meet.
REACH is the abbreviation of REGULATION concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals. It is a chemical regulatory system established by the European Union and implemented on June 1, 2007.
This is a proposal for regulations concerning the safety of chemical production, trade, and use. The regulations are aimed at protecting human health and environmental safety, maintaining and improving the competitiveness of the EU chemical industry, and the ability to innovate non-toxic and harmless compounds.
The REACH Directive requires that all chemicals imported and produced in Europe must pass a comprehensive set of procedures such as registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction to better and simpler identify the chemical components to achieve the purpose of ensuring environmental and human safety. The directive mainly includes registration, evaluation, authorization and restrictions.
Any product must have a registration file listing the chemical ingredients and explain how the manufacturer uses these chemical ingredients and a toxicity assessment report. All information will be entered into a database under construction, which is managed by a new European Union agency, Helsinki, Finland, the European Chemicals Agency.
Halal, the original meaning is "legal", the Chinese translation is "halal", that is, food, medicine, cosmetics and food, medicine, cosmetic additives that meet Muslims living habits and needs. The Muslim country Malaysia has been committed to the development of the halal (halal) industry. The halal (halal) certification issued by them has a high international reputation and is trusted by the Muslim public. Including the North American and European markets, they have gradually realized the huge potential of halal products, spare no effort to start the research and development and production of related products, and have formulated corresponding standards and procedures in halal certification.
C / A-tick
C / A-tick certification is a certification mark issued by the Australian Communications Authority (ACA) for communication equipment. The C-tick certification cycle is 1-2 weeks. The product performs ACAQ technical standard test, registers with ACA to use A / C-Tick, fills in the "Declaration of Conformity Form", and saves the product compliance record with A / C affixed to the communication product or equipment -Tick label (label), sold to consumers A-Tick is only applicable to communication products, electronic products are mostly applied for C-Tick, but if electronic products apply for A-Tick, you do not need to apply for C-Tick.
Since November 2001, Australia / New Zealand's EMI has applied for a merger; if the products are to be sold in these two countries, the following documents must be completed before marketing for ACA (Australian Communications Authority) or New Zealand (Ministry of Economic Development) The authorities conduct spot checks at any time. The Australian EMC system divides products into three levels. Before selling level two and level three products, suppliers must register with the ACA and apply for the use of the C-Tick logo.
SAA certification is the standard body of the Australian Standards Association of Australian certification, so many friends call Australian certification SAA. SAA is an electrical product entering the Australian market that must comply with local safety regulations, which is a certification often faced by the industry. Due to the mutual recognition agreement between Australia and New Zealand, all products that have obtained Australian certification can smoothly enter the New Zealand market for sale. All electrical products are subject to safety certification (SAA).
There are two types of SAA logos, one is form approval and the other is standard logo. Formal certification is only responsible for the samples, and the standard mark is required for each factory inspection. At present, there are two ways to apply for SAA certification in China. One is to transfer through the CB test report. If there is no CB test report, you can also apply directly. Under normal circumstances, the IT AV lamps and small household electrical appliances common products apply for Australian SAA certification cycle is 3-4 weeks, if the product quality is not up to standard, the date may be extended.