The technological process of socks are not as simple as your might think


We wear socks every day, but you may not know how it came! Today we will talk about the entire process of socks manufacturing, so that everyone can have a more comprehensive and in-depth understanding of socks.

Step 1: selecting materials, good materials, can produce good socks.

With the advancement of technology and the improvement of living standards, the material of socks is also increasing, such as: natural fibers (cotton, linen, wool, silk), renewable fiber (tencel, modal, bamboo fiber, soybean fiber, Pearl fiber, milk fiber, etc.). People are not just wearing clothes, they are increasingly focusing on comfort and health.

Socks are mainly composed of three aspects:

Main materials: all kinds of fibers (natural, synthetic, regenerative), which make up the basic structure of socks.

Secondary material: fiber with elasticity, shrinks the socks tightly against the feet, and prevents the socks from sliding.

Auxiliary material: Elastic band, which can shrink the sock mouth to prevent it from falling down.

Jacquard thread, making various exquisite patterns, mainly high elasticity, nylon, cotton yarn.

Image speaks a bit: It is like building a house. The main material is the frame of the house, the secondary material is the wall of the house, and the auxiliary material is the house's decorations.

The second step: weaving. After selecting the materials, we will reach the weaving link.

The socks were just produced in a round-like, circular structure, with a line of uninterrupted loops forming a long cylindrical shape. One end is the sock mouth (with rubber band), and the other is the sock head (the finished product is stitched and worn on the toe). The worker flips from the front of the sock to the reverse side for the next stitching step.

Socks are good. Good machinery is not enough. You must be equipped with the same excellent operators. An excellent hosiery machine operator must be trained for 3 months before he can take up an internship. Then he can be practiced alone for 3 months through the form of a master's help. Through 1-2 years of continuous familiarization and experience accumulation In order to be called an excellent operator. Excellent operators can not only save energy and reduce consumption for the company, but more importantly, they can timely adjust the process and check the product quality in daily operations to prevent unqualified products from flowing to the next link.

Step 2: weave

The third step: stitching. After the cylindrical stockings are transferred to the stitching section, they can be divided into manual stitching and machine stitching according to the product stitching requirements.

Manual eye-to-eye suture, also known as boneless suture, is made by the worker's manual method. The needle part of the sock is threaded on the disk-mounted needle plate for suture. One eye and one needle cannot be misplaced.

Advantages: No joints on toes, smooth and comfortable to wear.

Disadvantages: low production capacity, slightly higher cost, and large-scale production takes longer.

Step 3: manual eye

Machine stitching is a manual transmission method, which transfers the parts to be stitched to the entrance of the machine and directly stitches through the machine.

Advantages: fast suture speed, suitable for large-scale production can be completed in a short time.

Disadvantages: The effect of pure hand stitching is not achieved. The toe area has a terminal, and there is no smoothness of hand stitching.

Step 4: inspection, inspection, as the name suggests, is to check the quality of socks.

It is reasonable to choose a professional and comprehensive inspection after the suture is finished. Because after the suture link, there will be very few detailed defective products in the later link, which can be detected in the packaging link; while the weaving and stitching links are prone to substandard products, so by setting up The inspection link can increase the product qualification rate and reduce the waste of production capacity in subsequent links.

Most of the inspection is through the form of register, 360-degree inspection of surface defects on the surface of the socks, and check whether the size of the socks meet the standards.

The non-conforming products checked out go directly to the waste warehouse, and the qualified products are transferred to the setting stage.

Step 5: Stereotype

The setting step is to put the stitched socks on metal socks of various specifications. The high temperature and pressure generated by the high temperature of the boiler steam will cause the internal elastic fibers to shrink and smooth the fluffy shape or folds of the socks surface. Cooling treatment achieves the purpose of sock shape setting. Generally, socks use 2 atmospheres for ironing.

Step 6: Packaging

Tatars rely on clothing and Buddha rely on gold. Good products, of course, need good packaging.

Through the pairing process, the surface of one sock is re-examined and matched with two socks of the same length; then, according to the product requirements, a beautiful and cooperative trademark is matched, and then bagged and boxed as required. Done!


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