The importance of pre-shipment inspections
The pre-shipment inspection agreement is a multilateral trade agreement under the jurisdiction of the WTO. This agreement is used by the governments of member countries to designate special inspection agencies for the quantity, quality, price, and tariff of imported products through government authorization or government contracts. Classification, etc., to carry out pre-shipment inspection activities in the territory of the exporter. The pre-shipment inspection certificate is an important basis for importers to apply foreign exchange for customs duties imposed by the import customs.
Without a pre-shipment inspection certificate, the importer may be fined or ordered to return the goods. Since countries around the world attach importance to pre-shipment inspection, let's talk about its importance.
A. Which countries do you export to require pre-shipment inspection?
1. At present, Egypt, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, and Algeria have entrusted China's General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine to carry out pre-shipment inspections. The specific work is carried out by the local inspection and quarantine bureaus.
2. In addition, the governments of Turkey, Guinea, Burundi, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Ghana, Tanzania, Libya, Zimbabwe, Liberia, and Morocco also formally requested the China General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine to help them implement pre-shipment inspections, and specific cooperation agreements are under negotiation.
B. How to obtain a pre-shipment inspection certificate from the inspection and quarantine department?
1. For the origin and shipment of the goods in the same area (such as in Ningbo), you can apply directly to the local inspection and quarantine bureau, and you can get a one-time certificate
2. It should be noted that the place of origin of the goods and the port of shipment are in different regions, where the goods are placed in the container. If the goods are placed in the container at the place of production, the same method as above. If the cargo arrives at the port and is then loaded into a container, it is necessary to apply to the Origin Inspection and Quarantine Bureau and obtain a certificate of exchange of goods for the situation.
After the goods arrive at the wharf, they shall apply to the port inspection and quarantine bureau with the certificate of exchange of the goods for the situation, and the pre-shipment inspection and quarantine certificate shall be issued by the port inspection and quarantine bureau.
C. What should the exporter pay attention to before shipment inspection?
1. The inspection and quarantine department implements a registration and filing system. Only registered enterprises can submit applications. Therefore, enterprises need to make relevant preparations in advance.
2. When signing an export trade contract, an enterprise needs to master the technical requirements and standards of the importing country regarding the quality of the goods, and must establish quality clauses in accordance with the national laws and standards of the importing country to avoid that the goods do not meet the quality standards of the importing country. Trade disputes caused.
3. When signing the export trade contract and the specific performance, the enterprise should also fully consider the work procedures of pre-shipment inspection, reasonably arrange the production, inspection and shipment matters, while obtaining the pre-shipment inspection certificate smoothly.
4. Goods exported to Sierra Leone, Ethiopia and Egypt are subject to Container Loading Inspection, including air and bulk cargo.